Sodom and gemorah archaeological dating gretchen bleiler dating
At the annual meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research, the researchers from Trinity Southwest University presented these findings, including a possible explanation.
The researchers found zircon crystals in the glassy layer.
They believe that the area was stripped of its topsoil, and that salts from the nearby Dead Sea were spread over the land, destroying its fertility.
The settlements that were annihilated in the event include the principal excavation site, “Tall el-Hammam,” which the archeologists believe is the city of Sodom, whose destruction is recounted in the Book of Genesis, chapter 19.
As intriguing as the preliminary results are, further research is necessary." Tall el-Hammam is the largest archaeological site in the Jordan valley.
Discovered during quarrying operations for gravel, the site has been excavated as a joint project of the Trinity Southwest University and the Department of Antiquities of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan since 2005.
Layers of spherules, used in the study to argue for a large explosion, can also form slowly over time.
As shooting stars disintegrate in Earth's atmosphere, the spherules fall from the sky and can become concentrated in layers by geological processes, like erosion and deposition.
The generated heat burst, an estimated 3,600°F, would be sufficient to destroy the city, melt the artifacts and rocks, but leave no crater behind.
The presumed destruction around 1,700 BCE also doesn't seem to fit the biblical chronology.
Additionally, the geological evidence suggesting a catastrophic end of Tall el-Hammam remains controversial, particularly because there is no impact crater to be found.
Zircon is a mineral that can form under extremely high temperatures and pressure, as experienced during the impact of a celestial body on Earth.
The researchers found also tiny glass beads on the site.
The region was occupied by humans for at least 2,500 years until around 1,700 BCE, when its farming settlements and cities were suddenly abandoned and people did not return to the region for 600 to 700 years.